USDOT number and other requirements to operate in the United States
Who needs a USDOT number?
You are required to obtain a USDOT number if you have a vehicle that:
- Is used in transporting material found by the Secretary of Transportation to be hazardous and transported in a quantity requiring placarding (whether interstate or intrastate).
- Has a gross vehicle weight rating or gross combination weight rating, or gross vehicle weight or gross combination weight, of 4,536 kg (10,001 pounds) or more, whichever is greater; or
- Is designed or used to transport more than 8 passengers (including the driver) for compensation; or
- Is designed or used to transport more than 15 passengers, including the driver, and is not used to transport passengers for compensation;
AND is involved in Interstate commerce:
Trade, traffic, or transportation in the United States—
- Between a place in a State and a place outside of such State (including a place outside of the United States);
- Between two places in a State through another State or a place outside of the United States; or
- Between two places in a State as part of trade, traffic, or transportation originating or terminating outside the State or the United States.
–See more information
Canadian and Mexican based carriers, Freight Forwarders and Brokers are required to obtain a USDOT number as well as comply with all US regulations.
A BOC-3 is a US Federal filing that designates legal agents of process in every state. This agent of process will accept legal filings on your behalf in the event of any legal proceeding against you. They are not retained to represent you. New and existing Motor Carriers, Freight Forwarders and Brokers must have a BOC-3 on file before any authority is issued. On September 30, 2016 new Private HM & Exempt For-Hire Carriers will have to file a BOC-3. Existing Private HM & Exempt For-Hire Carriers will have until December 31, 2016 to file a BOC-3 form.
The requirement for financial responsibility differs based on the type of operation. Carriers for example must provide adequate insurance while load brokers must provide a a Surety Bond or Trust Fund Agreement. Authorities are not issued until the applicant fulfills this requirement.
Drug and Alcohol Testing
Who needs drug testing:
- Anyone employing CDL drivers to operate commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) on public roads
- CDL drivers who operate CMVs on public roads
- Interstate motor carriers
- Intrastate motor carriers
Carriers are reminded that before any new CDL driver operates your commercial motor vehicle they must pass a pre employment drug test AND be part of a random drug pool.